- A group of Dutch artists who were active in the city of Utrecht in the early decades of the 17th century. Most went to Rome where they were exposed to the style of Caravaggio, and then brought this visual vocabulary back to Utrecht, making it available to other Dutch masters. The most notable figures among the Utrecht Caravaggists are Dirck van Baburen, Hendrick Terbrugghen, and Gerrit van Honthorst. All three painted mainly religious scenes while in Italy, and changed to genre upon returning to the North as the demand for religious images in the Dutch market diminished after the region embraced Protestantism.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
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Honthorst, Gerrit van — (1590 1656) Dutch painter; member of the Utrecht Caravaggist group. Honthorst was born in Utrecht and went to Rome in c. 1610 1612 where he entered in the service of Márchese Vincenzo Giustiniani. He also worked for the Medici Grand Dukes of… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
La Tour, George de — (1593 1652) French Caravaggist painter from Vic sur Seille, but active in Lunéville in the Lorraine region. Little is known about the details of La Tour s life or how he became acquainted with the Caravaggist style. The available documentation … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Rembrandt van Rijn — (1606 1669) Rembrandt is one of the central figures of Dutch Baroque art. Educated in Latin school and then at the University of Leiden, he was the son of a millworker. He left the university a few months after enrollment to pursue a career as … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Terbrugghen, Hendrick — (1588 1629) Terbrugghen was born in Deventer, Holland, and taken to Utrecht as an infant. He went to Italy in c. 1603, and spent a decade in Rome and visiting Milan and other major cities. He returned to Utrecht in 1614 where he became one of… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Baburen, Dirck van — (c. 1595 1624) Leading figure among the Utrecht Caravaggists. Baburen went to Rome in c. 1612 where he came upon the works of Caravaggio and his close follower, Bartolomeo Manfredi. He remained there until 1622, painting mainly religious… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Caravaggio, Michelangelo Merisi da — (1571 1610). Caravaggio was probably born in Milan. In 1572, he is documented in the town of Caravaggio where his family owned property, hence his name. In 1588 1592, he apprenticed with Simone Peterzano, a Milanese painter thought to have… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
painting, Western — ▪ art Introduction history of Western painting from its beginnings in prehistoric times to the present. Painting, the execution of forms and shapes on a surface by means of pigment (but see also drawing for discussion of depictions in … Universalium